It is interesting to explore the origin & history of kolkata, the capital of British India. Calcutta history is not that old as that of Delhi. Calcutta, the city of joy was established in the year 1686, as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. It was during those times that European powers were heading their way towards capturing the small villages of Sutanati, Govindpur, and Kalikata. Calcutta derived its name from the last of the village settlements of kalikata. Read on to know the brief history of Calcutta India.
The metropolis stored progressing until 1756, when Siraj-Ud-Daula (Nawab of Bengal) attacked and succeeded in driving the British away through the town. It was during that time that almost all of the British civilians had escaped, but some of them were captured and imprisoned in the suffocating place. This incident has turn into a history in by itself and was given the identify 'Black hole tragedy'. In 1757, the following year, Battle of Plassey took place, through which Robert Clive took over the metropolis by defeating the Nawab
The end of battle witnessed the establishment of Supreme Court in 1774, making Calcutta since the base of justice. Battle of Plassey saw the drain of wealth, which strained the Bengal's economic system. The period among 1820 and 1930 noticed the developing of seeds of nationalism that arrived at its peak in 1905, when people today stood versus Lord Curzon's program concerning the partition of Bengal. Rabindranath Tagore led the nationalist anti partition movements. The Partition was repealed in 1911, followed by the shifting of money of India from Calcutta to New Delhi. In 2001, Calcutta was officially renamed Kolkata.